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Dog Breeds

August 07, 2008  |  Difficulty: Easy

Do your research when choosing a new pet to find a dog that suits your budget, your family’s lifestyle, your housing requirements and your schedule.

Dogs are like people and have many needs, both physical and emotional.  Some dog breeds have more needs than others so you have to think about what you are wiling to give to your new dog and how it fits in the family. Consider a breed’s adult size, grooming requirements, health consideration, barking and digging habits, attention needs and food requirements. You can find all this general information as you search online for the name of your breed.

Generally the American Kennel Club classifies the dog breeds in these basic categories:

  • Sporting Dogs: 24 breeds of dogs that love to find, chase and retrieve. They are high-energy, people-oriented, attention seekers who are mid-size dogs. Labrador and Golden Retriever, Cocker Spaniel, Pointer and the Irish Setter are among the most popular breeds.
  • Hound Dogs:  21 breeds of dogs that love to track, chase and find. These large or small dogs are high-energy, love to dig and need lots of activity and exercise. Beagle, Irish Wolfhound, Bloodhound, Greyhound and Dachshund are among the most popular.
  • Working Dogs:  19 breeds all bred specifically to work with humans. These dogs are great farm helpers and herders, guard dogs and sled dogs that are quick to learn. Some of the larger breeds can be domineering and hard to train. This group includes the Boxer, Akita, Newfoundland, Rottweiler, Great Dane and St. Bernard.
  • Terrier Dogs: 24 breeds used as companions, hunting dogs and guard dogs. Terriers are known for lots of barking; however they are alert, smart fateful friends usually from mid-size to smaller sized dogs.  Miniature Schnauzer, Scottish Terrier, West Highland Terrier and the American Staffordshire Terrier are some of the most popular breeds.
  • Toy Dogs:  These 17 breeds are all specially bred to be miniature-sized pets. These are the loving little dogs that make great purse pets, however they can be fragile and especially fussy with children.  Chihuahua, Papillon, Pug, Pekingese and Shih Tzu are some toy breeds.
  • Non-Sporting Dogs:  These 12 breeds make great pets or show dogs that are loyal, fun-loving family dogs. This group includes the Dalmatian, poodle, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, and Chow Chow.
  • Herding Dogs:  These 14 breeds were all bred for herding and make great guard dogs and guide dogs. They also need lots of outdoor activity and can be easily bored when not working or playing with people. Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Old English Sheepdog, Collie, German Shepard and Shetland Sheepdog
  • Mixed-Breed Dogs:  Lovingly called mutts, they usually have the characteristics of the two parent breeds.

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